Jawaharlal Nehru Essay

This essay has a total of 458 words and 3 pages.

Jawaharlal Nehru

1. Jawaharlal Nehru Born : 1889 Died : 1964

Indian nationalist leader and statesman, who was the first prime minister (1947‑64)
of independent India. Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, the son of a wealthy Brahman
lawyer from Kashmir. He went to England at the age of 16 and was educated at the Harrow
School and at the University of Cambridge. Returning to India in 1912, he practiced law
for some years and in 1919 joined the Indian National Congress, the principal nationalist
organization of India, led by Mohandas K. Gandhi. Nehru soon became a leader of the
nationalist movement; between 1921 and 1945 he was imprisoned nine times by the British
administration for his activities on behalf of Indian independence. He served as president
of the Congress party from 1929 to 1931, a position he subsequently held six times.
Although Nehru remained a supporter of Gandhi until the latter's death in 1948, he did not
share Gandhi's belief in passive resistance as a means of driving the British out of
India. Instead, he put forth a militant program involving the adoption of all possible
measures short of armed resistance to the British.

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