1. Learning to respond to only one stimulus and to inhibit the response to all other stimuliCorrect Answer: Stimulus Discrimination2. The reinforcer, such as food, that gets the organism to continue a behavior is called __.Correct Answer: Primary Reinforcer3. An event that strengthens the behavior it follows is a(n) Correct Answer: Reinforcement.4. The stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning is theCorrect Answer: Neutral Stimulus5. A lion in a circus learns to stand up on a chair and jump through a hoop to receive a food treat.Correct Answer: Operant Conditioning 6. When you have learned something after the fact it is called?Correct Answer: Latent Learning7. Type of learning in which behaviors are emitted to earn rewards or avoid punishmentCorrect Answer: Operant Conditioning8. In John Watson's "Little Albert" experiment, what was the UCS?Correct Answer: The Loud Noise9. When learning first takes place, we would say that __ has occurred.Correct Answer: Acquisition10. Slot machines work on a _____ reinforcement scheduleCorrect Answer: Variable Ratio11. Chris has failed English class repeatedly and has now stopped trying because he believes the situation is uncontrollable. This is an example of: Correct Answer: Learned Helplessness. 12. The reappearance of an extinguished responseCorrect Answer: Spontaneous Recovery13. Giving a treat to your dog every time it rolls over is called __.Correct Answer: Continuous Reinforcement14. Anything that seeks to continue a desired behavior by the removal, escape from, or avoidance of undesired stimulus is called __.Correct Answer: Negative Reinforcement15. The learned ability to distinguish between a CS and other stimuli that does not signal a CR is calledCorrect Answer: Discrimination16. When Pavlov placed food in the mouths of dogs, they began to salivate. The salivation was a(n) ________.Correct Answer: Unconditioned Response17. Carly used to feel nausea when going to McDonalds because she associated the food with illness. After a few good meals there, she no longer feels the nausea. Which principle?Correct Answer: Extinction18. When shaping a behavior, you would couple a treat with, "good dog" to get your pet to sit. The "good dog" is considered __.Correct Answer: Secondary Reinforcer19. Your teenaged daughter has not cleaned her room in a month. You go in and begin yelling at her to clean her room. She begins to clean up, and you stop yelling. Your daughter's cleaning behavior can be viewed as responding toCorrect Answer:Negative Reinforcement20. A little girl gets to eat dessert because she finished all the food on her plate. This is an example of: Correct Answer: Positive Reinforcement21. What is an Operant Chamber or Skinner Box?Correct Answer: A laboratory apparatus used to study animal behavior. 22. Many psychologists refer to Albert Bandura's Bobo Doll experiment to illustrate howCorrect Answer: Exposure to violent TV and games cause violent behavior23. Mariah developed a fear of the water when she fell off a river raft last summer. This year she took swimming lessons and thought she had finally overcome her fear of water. She was eagerly looking forward to an upcoming rafting trip, however, as soon as she stepped onto the raft she was instantly terrified again. Correct Answer: Spontaneous Recovery24. He is known for his Law of Effect that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likelyCorrect Answer: Thorndike25. When Little Albert generalized his fear of the white rat that meant Correct Answer: He feared all furry things26. In Albert Bandura's Bobo Doll Experiment, a majority of the children used the same violent techniques on the Bobo Doll they had seen the adults perform in the video. This is an example of: Correct Answer: Observational learning. 27. Which of the following best describes the findings of Martin Seligman's experiment with dogs? Correct Answer: The harnessed dogs learned there was nothing they could do to escape the shock. Even when escape was possible, the dogs did nothing because they had learned to be helpless. 28. _______ is the adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding. Correct Answer: Learning 29. Ivan Pavlov has been credited with the initial discovery ofCorrect Answer: Classical conditioning.30. The tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to elicit similar responses is calledCorrect Answer: Generalization31. In Pavlov's experiment, the salivating to the sound of a