While both William Penn and John Smith tried to co
This essay While both William Penn and John Smith tried to co has a total of 641 words and 3 pages.
While both William Penn and John Smith tried to convince people from England to immigrate to America, Smith made more hyperbolic claims about America, whereas Penn attempted to be more realistic about the way he portrayed America. This is likely due to the fact that Penn was writing from a much later time in history, which meant that his colony was more prepared and thus operated more smoothly than Smith's. Given that Penn was writing his argument in 1681 and Smith in 1616, Jamestown (Smith's colony) was in need of more help and support. Since Jamestown was one of the first colonies, England, and in turn Smith, had a harder time pushing it forward and making it successful, meaning Smith felt he could not afford to make a less desperate and more rational call for help. Instead, he felt the need to over-exaggerate the greatness of the new world, for he felt that was the only way to convince a large enough amount people to emigrate from England.
Throughout his letter, Smith emphasizes all the greatness that will come to those who come to his colony. For example, he discusses how even a "very bad fisher" can catch "one, two, or three hundred Cods." (Smith, 133) He also mentions how much one can earn from farming, for he says "For labourers, if those that sowe hemp, rape, turnups, parsnips, carrats, cabidge, and such like; give 20, 30, 40, 50 shillings yearly for an acre of ground," implying that it is very easy to earn money and make a profit with just an acre of land. This amount of money earned is quite an overestimate, but Smith has made this overestimate to try and lure people into coming to his colony. In addition, when people come to his colony to farm, in addition to the farmer that comes, Smith's colony would profit from all the farming taking place.
While Smith was felt the need to dramatize his colony out of desperation for help, Penn was more reasonable about the promotion of his colony, and offered more logical reasons as to why people should come to his colony. For example, the second point he makes on his first list, he says, "More being produced and imported than we can spend here, we export to other countries in Europe." (Penn 74) Through this quote, it is clear than Penn has put much thought into the true economic benefits of his company, for this plan mentioned, and his reasoning behind it, are logical and realistic. Another instance in which Penn made claims that suggested it was a good idea for people to immigrate is when he says, "The commodities that the country is thought to be capable of, are silk, flax help, wine, cider, wood…and such like…that are profitable commodities in Europe." (Penn 75) Since Pennsylvania was one of the later colonies to be established, the people were more prepared for running a colony. Because of this, Penn is able to keep his colony alive for a longer period of time, which in turn allows him to think more rationally about how to convince people to come, for he is less desperate than John Smith, the leader of the struggling early colony of Jamestown.
Because of how early Smith's colony of Jamestown was in comparison to William Penn's Pennsylvania, Smith had a more urgent need for Englishmen to populate Jamestown. This urgent need resulted in Smith feeling he had to exaggerate how much his colony had to offer, for he hoped this would bring more people to his colony that would be able to help him. Years later at the time Penn was starting his colony, there were both more people involved in the process of leaving England to go to the new world, and there was a more organized system of doing so.
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